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Couples planning to undergo sperm donation procedure always have many questions on their minds. Main concerns are choosing the right clinic and achieving suitable donor matching. The sperm donation procedure will only start after decisions regarding these issues have been taken. Gynaecology and Obstetrics Specialist from the Middle East and Balkan Cyprus IVF Centre talks to us about the sperm donation process:

Sperm donation procedure

The female’s eggs also have to be prepared even if only sperm is collected for couples undergoing sperm donation. If IUI is planned, then the natural egg development is followed or small dose injections are used to promote the development of a couple of eggs before administering the cracking injection. About 35-36 hour after the cracking injection, the donor’s sperm is prepared in a special environment for injection into the candidate mother’s uterus through a cannula. If IVF is a suitable or preferred form of treatment, then the preparation of the female will be the same as IVF patients. The female starts taking egg-developing treatment injected in the abdominal area starting on the 2nd or 3rd day of menstruation. Although treatment times vary from person to person, it will usually last between 7 to 12 days. During this phase, patients will be asked to undergo ultrasound scans and blood analyses at certain intervals. Once egg development has reached adequate number and size, a final egg maturing injection will be made. 35-36 hours after this injection, eggs will be collected under anaesthesia in 5 to 10 minutes with the help of ultrasound. The sperm sample taken from the donor will be ready at the laboratory on the day of egg collection, after which fertilisation is performed by injecting one sperm into each egg.

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